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Results of intensive archaeological testing/data recovery program at the Telfair Site in downtown Savannah, Georgia, are described. Located within the Savannah National Historic Landmark District, the site consists of 2 trust and 10 tything lots that will be affected by an urban renewal project. Using both documentary and archaeological data, contrasts in land use patterns between trust and tything lots from 1733 to c. 1900 were outlined. Trust lots were identified as locations for centralizing functions attributed to religious, commercial, and governmental concerns, while tything parcels initially contained domestic occupations. Combined residence-business establishments began to appear after 1850, resultingA-n accelerated subdivisioning of tything lots, a reduction in open space, and a concomitant clustering of features (wells, privies, etc.). Formal on-site refuse disposal is indicated until the introduction of basic municipal services in the 1850-1900 period. Despite a heavy retail business component at the site, artifact assemblages overwhelmingly reflect domestic activities. Zooarchaeological analysis indicates that the faunal assemblage conforms to the previously-defined Coastal Subsistence Model in terms of resource utilization and butchering practices. Finally, several recommendations are presented concerning future research at Savannah and other urban sites.
College of Arts and Sciences
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Historic sites--Georgia--Savannah; Excavations (Archaeology)--Georgia--Savanah; Savannah (Ga.)--Antiquities
Telfair Site (Savannah, Ga.); General Services Administration building site
F294.S2 H66 1983
Honerkamp, Nicholas; Council, R. Bruce; and Fairbanks, H. Charles, "The reality of the city : urban archaeology at the Telfair site, Savannah, Georgia" (1983). Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports. 20.