•  
  •  
 

Modern Psychological Studies

Periodical Title

Modern Psychological Studies

Volume

11

Number

1

Page Numbers

pages 1-9

Department

Dept. of Psychology

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

2005

Abstract

This paper offers a possible explanation for the paradoxical relations for two of psychology's 19th century female pioneers with faculty members in their graduate programs: Margaret F Washburn and James M. Cattell at Columbia University; and Mary W. Calkins and Hugo Munsterberg at Harvard University. Cattell's and Munsterberg's strong support and advocacy for these female graduate students appear contradictory to their general beliefs regarding women's intellectual capacities and pursuit of higher education. However, it is suggested that their views were, in fact, consistent with the variability hypothesis, which drew a sharp distinction between "average" and "exceptional" women. It is further suggested that Munsterberg's and Cattell's endorsement of the variability hypothesis may have increased their willingness to advocate equal educational opportunities for Calkins and Washburn.

Subject

Psychology--Periodicals

Discipline

Psychology

Document Type

articles

Extent

9 leaves

Language

English

Call Number

BF1 .M63 v. 11 no. 1 2005

Rights

Under copyright.

Included in

Psychology Commons

Share

COinS