Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of different amounts of outside stress on a group of 13 male and 12 female swimmers from Arizona State University who were involved in the same amount of exercise stress. It was hypothesized that high levels of outside stress in addition to the imposed training stress should correlate with more negative mood and with more health problems. It was also expected that the combination of these effects would contribute to a decline in performance. Several questionnaires were utilized to evaluate the defined variables of life event stress (Life Events Survey for Collegiate Athletes), daily stress/ hassles (Hassles and Uplifts Scale), mood (Profile of Mood States), and health (Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire). The data supported the hypothesis that high levels of outside stress (determined by the LESCA and the Hassles and Uplifts Scale) were predictive of more negative mood (testing times 1, 2, 3 and 4) and poorer health (testing times 1, 2, and 4 for the LESCA and times 1, 3, and 4 for the Hassles and Uplifts Scale) in the collegiate swimmers. However, the data did not support the hypothesis that there would be a link between external stress and performance. Implications for this study are that athletes should be monitored for outside stress to avoid overtraining and burnout.
BF1 .M63 v. 11 no. 1 2005
Jedick, Josie M.
"Physiological and psychological responses to stress in elite swimmers,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 11
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol11/iss1/3