Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
In this experiment participants viewed 42 images of 7 different facial expressions and asked to identify the emotion associated with the expression. Participants were separated into a control group and an experimental group. Participants in the control group were shown 21 male and 21 female expressions of the following: Anger, Sadness, Happiness, Fear, Disgust, Surprise, and a Neutral expression; each presented 3 times. The experimental group was given the same procedure with the addition of phrases that accompanied the images that were either: congruent, incongruent, or unrelated to the expression. Accurately decoding the expression was measured and factors of significance in the ability to accurately decode facial expressions of emotion observed were: participant gender, picture gender, and statement congruency. The results of this study suggest that both genders more accurately decode female emotions than male emotions. The interaction of statement congruency and picture gender suggests that unrelated statements presented with male pictures decreased accuracy while unrelated statements presented with female, pictures increased decoder accuracy. Congruent and incongruent statements did not affect decoder accuracy. Participant gender differences were not significant in the ability to decode facial expressions of emotions.
BF1 .M63 v. 18 no. 1 2012
Adams, Spencer Mac
"Decoding nonverbal expressions of emotion of men and women,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 18
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol18/iss1/3