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Modern Psychological Studies

Periodical Title

Modern Psychological Studies

Volume

18

Number

1

Page Numbers

pages 49-57

Department

Dept. of Psychology

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

2012

Abstract

Past research has indicated that self-esteem has multiple dimensions. It has been suggested that defensive high self-esteem makes one vulnerable to ego-threat and might be reflected in discrepancies between peer- and self-ratings. The purpose of this study was to observe how self- and peer-rated self-esteem affect cardiovascular reactivity to ego-threatening stressors (cold pressor and toughness-challenging interview) in nineteen military college cadets. High/low groups of self-esteem were formed based on peer- and self-ratings. Cadets in the low self-rating group showed evidence of a mixed (myocardial and vascular) response; cadets in the high peer-rating group showed higher myocardial and lower vascular reactivity. Cadets with high peer- /low self-ratings (defensive high self-esteem) had a greater blood pressure increase during interview preparation than participants with high peer-/high self-ratings. The present findings suggest that secure high self-esteem, as reflected by agreement between self- and peer-ratings, may be the only way to ensure low vulnerability to stress.

Subject

Psychology--Periodicals

Keyword

self-esteem; self-ratings; peer-ratings; cardiovascular reactivity; defensive; stress; myocardial; vascular; toughness; Masculinity

Discipline

Psychology

Document Type

articles

Extent

9 leaves

Language

English

Call Number

BF1 .M63 v. 18 no. 1 2012

Rights

Under copyright.

Included in

Psychology Commons

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