Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
The struggles that female managers face at work and in the home are reviewed. Research suggests that sex role stereotypes, discrimination, lack of mentors, and tokenism contribute to the "glass ceiling effect." Studies on the struggle in the home focus on female managers' role conflict and role overload as they juggle home and employment responsibilities. Spousal influences are also noted in their amount of contribution to child and household duties, their attitudes of career precedence, and their earning power as compared to their wives. Consequences of the female manager's struggle are noted, including lower pay, lack of upward influence, "fear of success," premature termination, and stress. The physical and psychological effects of stress are related to the various roles of wife, mother, and worker. Coping strategies are evaluated for stress reduction. A synopsis is presented of the new female manager and predictions are made for the year 2000. Future research is suggested and remedial actions for women in management are recommended, such as paying close attention to sex role stereotypes before marriage and developing androgynous child-rearing practices.
BF1 .M63 v. 2 no. 2 1994
Mull, Beth A.
"Female managers: their struggle at work and in the home,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 2
, Article 7.
Available at: http://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol2/iss2/7