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Modern Psychological Studies

Periodical Title

Modern Psychological Studies

Volume

22

Number

1

Page Numbers

pages 7-14

Department

Dept. of Psychology

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

2016

Abstract

People become witnesses to crimes every day. This study further investigated witness variables such as sex and age, as well as the personality trait conscientiousness, in relation to one’s ability to accurately remember a fictional crime scene. An experimental manipulation was also utilized; participants read an article claiming that either men or women were three times better at memory (a self-fulfilling prophecy effect). Then, they watched a short video of a crime and were asked to recall details. As expected, age and memory accuracy were negatively correlated (p < .001) and conscientiousness was positively correlated with memory accuracy (p = .046). There were no significant differences found among participants based on experimental conditions (p = .700), but a main effect of participant sex was marginally significant (p = .065), with women having slightly better memories than men. Studying how individual traits relate to memory accuracy can help determine factors that influence eyewitness scenarios and whether juries should rely on eyewitnesses. Implications, limitations, and future research are discussed.

Subject

Psychology--Periodicals

Keyword

Eyewitness memory; age; conscientiousness

Discipline

Psychology

Document Type

articles

Extent

8 leaves

Language

English

Call Number

BF1 .M63 v. 22 no. 1 2016

Rights

Under copyright.

Included in

Psychology Commons

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