Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
We hypothesized that subjective expectations were responsible for the release from proactive interference (PI) rather than the actual change in taxonomic subcategories. The experimental conditions included informing or not informing subjects of the change in taxonomic subcategory, crossed with whether the taxonomic subcategory was actually changed or remained unchanged. The interest in whether a release would be seen when the subjects were informed of a change, yet no change was actually administered, was most specific. Significantly higher recall was found for the condition in which subjects were informed of a change, but no actual change occured (I-NC) than in the control condition in which subjects were neither informed of a change nor did one occur (NI-NC). The overall results indicated that control conditions revealed lower recall than other conditions, F(3, 129) = 2.96. p < .05 on the critical trial. However, even when subjects were not told of a change, but a change occured (NI-C) a release from PI was observed, M=.69. A release from PI may be induced by the subject's self-awareness of the change in taxonomic subcategory.
BF1 .M63 v. 3 no. 1 1995
Thornton, William J. and Schwartz, Bennett L.
"Memory decrement and proactive interference,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 3
, Article 9.
Available at: http://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol3/iss1/9