Committee Chair

Cunningham, Christopher J. L.

Committee Member

Biderman, Michael D.; O'Leary, Brian J.

Department

Dept. of Psychology

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Abstract

This study examines individual job choice decision making with the foreknowledge that such choices will impact the quality of a person’s future work-nonwork roles. It is likely that job applicants have at least some anticipation of the work-nonwork conflict (WNC) and work-nonwork balance (WNB) they will face if they accept a certain job offer. Although most research has provided reasons for organizations to promote WNB and reduce WNC in the workplace, little research has examined the influence of anticipated WNB and WNC on applicant job choice. The present study explores this question and considers whether a person’s work and nonwork identity salience might further influence the effects of anticipated WNB and WNC. Work and nonwork identity salience represents the underlying value a person places on his/her work and nonwork role domains. In the present study, anticipated WNB was expected to positively correlate with job choice likelihood ratings, and anticipated WNC was expected to negatively correlate with job choice likelihood ratings. These relationships were also hypothesized (H3) to differ depending on individuals’ underlying work and nonwork identity salience. To test these hypotheses, participants consisting of upper-level undergraduate and graduate university students (N = 219) indicated the likelihood of accepting an otherwise attractive job offer that was also likely to include: (a) high WNB and low WNC, (b) low WNB and high WNC, (c) low WNB and low WNC, and (d) high WNB and high WNC. Participants also reported their work and nonwork identity salience and other demographic details. A combination of means-comparison techniques supported H1 and H2. H3 was partially supported.

Acknowledgments

Acknowledgement is owed to the many people who directly or indirectly supported me throughout this research process. An immeasurable amount of gratitude goes to my thesis committee chair, Dr. Christopher Cunningham, for his guidance, patience, and encouragement. I would like to express gratitude to my additional committee members, Dr. Brian O’Leary and Dr. Michael Biderman, for their helpful feedback. Special thanks to Ryan Hall and the UTC Housing and Resident Life department for assistance in obtaining participants for my research. Lastly, thank you to my fellow psychology comrades for your support and inspiration.

Degree

M. S.; A thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Science.

Date

5-2016

Subject

Work-life balance; Identity (Psychology); Work -- Psychological aspects

Keyword

job choice, identity salience, work nonwork balance, work nonwork conflict, applicant attraction, recruitment

Discipline

Industrial and Organizational Psychology

Document Type

Masters theses

Extent

ix, 41 leaves

Language

English

Rights

Under copyright.

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

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