Committee Chair

Richards, Sean M.

Committee Member

Schorr, Mark S.; Nelson, Charles H.

Department

Dept. of Biological and Environmental Sciences

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Abstract

In order to respond to the need for hazard assessment of environmentally relevant pharmaceutical mixtures, 21-d life cycle tests were performed on a mixture of pharmaceuticals found in the Tennessee River using Daphnia- magna as a surrogate. Endpoints measured were time to first brood, reproduction, mortality, and number of neonates produced per adult reproduction day. Reproduction was the only endpoint that showed a significant effect. The LOEC of the pharmaceutical mixture was found at 100 times (100x) greater concentration (p=0.005) than what was detected in the Tennessee River. Similarly, the NOEC was 75x (p=0.150). Single concentrations of pharmaceuticals within the mixture up to the LOEC were found to have no effect. Thus, no single pharmaceutical was responsible for the mixture LOEC. To determine if chitobiase can be used to predict secondary production, chitobiase activity and zooplankton density and biomass samples were measured in six Tennessee River tributaries.

Degree

M. S.; A thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Science.

Date

5-2012

Subject

Daphnia magna; Freshwater zooplankton; Marine pollution

Location

Tennessee River

Keyword

Daphnia magna; Riverine zooplankton

Discipline

Environmental Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Document Type

Masters theses

Extent

xi, 76 leaves

Language

English

Rights

Under copyright.

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

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