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Periodical Title

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Volume

6

Number

1

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

January 2014

Abstract

Objectives: We review outcome studies regarding the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic databases and manual searches of article reference lists. Results: A total of 8 studies met eligibility criteria, consisting of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one quasi-experimental study involving a comparison group, two pre-experimental one-group pretest–posttest studies, and two single-system designs. Studies reviewed did not offer credible evidence to suggest that HBOT is an effective treatment for autism. Conclusion: It is premature to call HBOT an effective treatment for Autism and ASD. Individuals clinically treated with HBOT outside the context of a RCT should have the effects of the therapy evaluated using rigorous single-subject designs.

Subject

Adolescent health services; Families -- Health and hygiene

Keyword

autism; hyperbaric oxygen therapy; HBOT; pseudoscience

Discipline

Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Applied Behavior Analysis | Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Child Psychology | Clinical and Medical Social Work | Disability and Equity in Education | Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental Disorders | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Social Work

Document Type

articles

Extent

27 leaves

Language

English

Rights

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

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