Journal of Adolescent and Family Health
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Objectives: We review outcome studies regarding the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic databases and manual searches of article reference lists. Results: A total of 8 studies met eligibility criteria, consisting of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one quasi-experimental study involving a comparison group, two pre-experimental one-group pretest–posttest studies, and two single-system designs. Studies reviewed did not offer credible evidence to suggest that HBOT is an effective treatment for autism. Conclusion: It is premature to call HBOT an effective treatment for Autism and ASD. Individuals clinically treated with HBOT outside the context of a RCT should have the effects of the therapy evaluated using rigorous single-subject designs.
Adolescent health services; Families -- Health and hygiene
Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Applied Behavior Analysis | Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Child Psychology | Clinical and Medical Social Work | Disability and Equity in Education | Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental Disorders | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Social Work
Dunleavy, Daniel and Thyer, Bruce A.
"Is hyperbaric oxygen therapy an effective treatment for autism? A review,"
Journal of Adolescent and Family Health: Vol. 6
, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/jafh/vol6/iss1/5
Alternative and Complementary Medicine Commons, Applied Behavior Analysis Commons, Behavioral Disciplines and Activities Commons, Child Psychology Commons, Clinical and Medical Social Work Commons, Disability and Equity in Education Commons, Mental Disorders Commons, Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons, Psychiatric and Mental Health Commons, Social Work Commons