•  
  •  
 

Periodical Title

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Volume

8

Number

1

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Abstract

Researchers and youth stakeholders devised a survey on 27 adversities based on youth expertise, clinical practice, and adversity literature. The aim of the study was to understand the prevalence of individual and cumulative adversities, and association of adversities to age, gender, race/ethnicity and academic performance among a community sample of urban high school students. All participants experienced two or more adversities and experienced greater overall adversity than youth in population-based studies. Youth-proposed stressors were among the most prevalent, and females, older youth, and African American youth reported disproportionately greater number of adversities. Specific types of adversities were endorsed differentially based on gender and race/ethnicity. Adversity score and most adversities were not associated with academic performance, with the exception of youth substance abuse and bullying victimization which were respectively positively and negatively correlated. Future research should explore protective factors for academic success despite high adversity, as well as continued integration of youth voice in research.

Cover Page Footnote

We would like to acknowledge our funder, the Zellerbach Family Foundation for support on this project, as well as previous and current staff at the Center for Youth Wellness, including Catherine Harrison, Simona Zompi, Lydia Vincent-White, Monica Bucci, and Kadiatou Koita. We are also grateful to Danielle Hessler for support with review of the manuscript.

Subject

Adolescent health services; Families -- Health and hygiene

Keyword

academic functioning; adverse childhood experiences; child adversity; community-engaged research; school performance

Discipline

Civic and Community Engagement | Community-Based Research | Community Health | Epidemiology | Pediatrics | Preventive Medicine | Primary Care | Race and Ethnicity | School Psychology

Document Type

articles

Extent

33 leaves

Language

English

Rights

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

Share

COinS