Periodical Title

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health






University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)


May 2018


Background: Breakfast consumption plays an important role for growth, energy, BMI, and lifestyle. Studies show that it has positive influences on cognitive and academic outcomes. Despite this benefits of consuming breakfast on school grades, there has been no systematic review of literature focusing habitual breakfast consumption on scholastic achievement among adolescent students aged 11-19. Objective: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on habitual breakfast consumption and academic performance in adolescents aged 11-19 years. Methods: A systematic review of studies was conducted through three electronic databases which were searched for relevant articles published between 1990 and 2015 in the PubMed, PsycInfo, and ERIC databases. Results: The search identified 163 articles. Of these, 12 papers met the inclusion criteria. Eight studies showed a positive relationship between habitual breakfast consumption and school grades, while four papers had non-significant results even though two of those were of a superior design. According to NHLBI criteria in terms of research design, most of studies were fair while only one study was strong, and three studies were weak. Various breakfast definitions and classifications within three different timeframes were used in the studies. Three academic achievement measurements, including school grades, standardized achievement tests and self-report school grades were used. Conclusion: There is mixed evidence to draw firm conclusions of the effect of habitual breakfast on academic performance and this review address some methodological problems among studies which need to be taken into account. Good study design and specific definitions and classifications of breakfast within specific timeframes of 7days, and objective measurements for breakfast and academic performance are needed in further research.

Cover Page Footnote

I would first and foremost like to express my thank Dr. Darren Wraith for his guidance, feedback and support in the completion of this project. I extend my appreciation and thanks to Dr. Reese for his academic support and proofreading of the project to look better. I would also like to thank my family especially my husband and my little daughter for tolerating me during my study years. Lastly, I would like to dedicate this project to my Mom who always supports and encourages me to continue to achieve my dream.


Adolescent health services; Families -- Health and hygiene


academic performance; adolescents; breakfast


Public Health

Document Type





44 leaves





Included in

Public Health Commons