Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Mary Shelly, the author of Frankenstein (Shelley, 1831), experienced a waking vision, leading to the creation of Frankenstein. Using Jungian theory, the characters in Frankenstein can be understood as projections of Mary's repressed feelings. These projections occurred because of Mary's strong identification with the mother archetype, consisting of 1) the maternal element and 2) the Eros. Mary had a hypertrophy (exaggerated identification) of the maternal element and a strong identification with the Eros, due to the early death of her mother and the later deaths of her three children. These events combined to produce Mary's unique personality development and her creation of Frankenstein.
BF1 .M63 v. 1 no. 2 1993
"Birth, death, and recreation: An archetypical interpretation of Mary Shelley's waking vision,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 1:
2, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol1/iss2/9