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Modern Psychological Studies

Periodical Title

Modern Psychological Studies

Volume

13

Number

1

Page Numbers

pages 3-15

Department

Dept. of Psychology

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

2007

Abstract

Understanding what factors affect conformity in jury deliberations is an essential part of understanding the decision making process of reaching a verdict. This study manipulated three variables in a case summary: race salience (not salient vs. salient), defendant race (Black vs. White), and task difficulty (easy vs. difficult). The study used a mock deliberation paradigm based on Kassin, Smith, & Tulloch (1990). Participants read a case summary and provided a verdict with a short explanation. After doing so, participants read notes containing the verdicts and explanations of 5 other fictitious participants. Participants' verdicts were always in the minority. After viewing the decisions of the other participants, the participants were asked to write down a second verdict. In total, there were three rounds of deliberations. Conformity was assessed by number of people who changed their vote in each condition. The participants in this study were college students (N=125). The primary hypothesis was that when the task was unimportant (i.e., the defendant is White), conformity would be equal for the easy and difficult tasks. However, when the task was important (i.e., the defendant is Black), conformity should be higher for the difficult task versus the easy task. This pattern was predicted when race was not salient. The same pattern was predicted for the race salient conditions, however it was anticipated that the effect of task difficulty when the defendant was Black would be amplified. Results provided information about how legally relevant and extralegal variables interact to affect conformity. Aversive racism theories are discussed in the context of the results.

Subject

Psychology

Discipline

Psychology

Document Type

articles

Extent

13 leaves

Language

English

Call Number

BF1 .M63 v. 13 no. 1 2007

Rights

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

Included in

Psychology Commons

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