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Modern Psychological Studies

Periodical Title

Modern Psychological Studies

Volume

16

Number

1

Page Numbers

pages 7-31

Department

Dept. of Psychology

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

2010

Abstract

This paper presents a comprehensive, integrative review of research on the biological, environmental, and cognitive etiology of anxiety. Causes of generalized anxiety disorder, specific and social phobias, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are discussed, as is the role of gender in anxiety development. Biological research concerning genetic heritability, neurobiological structure, and neurotransmitter functioning are reviewed. Environmental factors such as aversive events, parental interactions, environmental control, and learning are discussed, followed by research on cognitive distortions, attribution style, attention biases, and catastrophic cognitions. The review finds evidence of an interaction between biological, environmental and cognitive variables, as well as a mediating influence of gender. Research is still needed to determine the processes and interactions by which anxiety develops and the reasons for gender differences in disorder prevalence. The review shows that research and analysis have been inadequate in making connections between each of the biological, environmental, and cognitive factors. Although research has clearly indicated that each of the aforementioned variables influence anxiety disorder development, most studies have examined only one aspect of anxiety etiology, disregarding the impact of other potential causes.

Subject

Psychology

Discipline

Psychology

Document Type

articles

Extent

24 leaves

Language

English

Call Number

BF1 .M63 v. 16 no. 1 2010

Rights

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

Included in

Psychology Commons

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