Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Antisocial behavior enacts a heavy price on both the individual engaged in the behavior and the society in which he or she resides. Research has shown that among a subset of individuals antisocial behavior is fairly stable from childhood through early adulthood. This review article traces the hierarchical development of antisocial behavior from childhood Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) through the adult diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD), with particular emphasis placed upon adolescent Conduct Disorder (CD). Possible environmental etiological factors of CD are discussed, the most notable being familial discord and low socioeconomic status. Potential biological etiological determinants of antisocial behavior include brain injury and structural abnormalities, neurotransmitter regulation, neural processing, and genetic factors. The reciprocal interplay between both environment and biology as they contribute to the development of CD is explored in the context of the diathesis-stress model. Finally, limitations of the current research are examined, with suggestions made for future research directions.
BF1 .M63 v. 16 no. 1 2010
Maciow, Lyndsi and Barry, Carolyn McNamara
"The etiology of conduct disorder and its relation to antisocial personality disorder: A literature review,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 16:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol16/iss1/5