Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship between rumination and posttraumatic stress, and to determine the effects of gender and age on that relationship. Responses on brooding and reflective subscales of a rumination measure were compared across adult age groups, and evaluated in relationship to an individual's gender and emotional response to trauma. Women demonstrated higher levels of rumination than men, and younger adults demonstrated higher levels of rumination than older adults. In a college sample, total rumination score was a positive indicator of whether an individual was emotionally bothered by a traumatic experience. In a community sample, age was a negative indicator of whether an individual was emotionally bothered by trauma.
BF1 .M63 v. 21 no. 2 2016
Markham, Amber M. and Mason, Susan E.
"The relationship between rumination, gender, age, and posttraumatic stress,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 21:
2, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol21/iss2/11