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Modern Psychological Studies

Volume

23

Number

1

Department

Dept. of Psychology

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Date

2017

Abstract

Visual perception facilitates quick reactions to ambiguous stimuli, a crucial survival characteristic in threat appraisal of unfamiliar circumstances. The current study investigated the impact of attention focusing on motion interpretation of ambiguous Rorschach Inkblot images displayed in black or red. Participants focused attention on three characteristics of 4 discrete priming images: identity, color, and motion. Each combination of prime and attentional focus was presented individually and in random order, and then participants were asked to describe a Rorschach Inkblot in open ended form. Motion interpretation was operationalized by the number of responses indicating that an ambiguous inkblot was perceived as in motion. The results showed that conscious focus on anticipating motion of a static image ascribes motion characteristics to a subsequent ambiguous image. We also observed a gender specific interaction, such that males focusing on color responded with fewer motion responses, but only when the inkblot was red. These results offer preliminary findings to help reduce threat appraisal in novel and ambiguous circumstances.

Keyword

ambiguous interpretation; motion; attention; red; gender difference; Rorschach inkblot

Discipline

Psychology

Document Type

articles

Language

English

Rights

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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