University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Folkman and Lazarus (1991) argue that incremental theorists have more faith in their ability to alter situations and would be more likely to select active coping strategies (Hong et al., 1999). An optimistic worldview may also have important implications for the way people choose to cope (Aspinwall & Taylor, 1992). Using the MTurk online platform, the present study investigated the relationship between implicit personality theories (IPT), optimism, and coping mechanism selection. As hypothesized, incremental beliefs were associated with more optimism. However, they were also associated with a greater likelihood of using self-blame, which is typically conceptualized as a passive coping strategy (Carver et al., 1989). These findings suggest the need for the continued investigation of self-blame as a potential precursor to active coping strategies.
Tracy, Megan L. and Branneman, Matthew D.
"An Investigation of Implicit Theories of Well-Being, Optimism, and Coping Mechanism Selection,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 23
, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol23/iss2/11