Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Kinship is a strong predictor of altruism. However, chronic pain is a homeostatic threat to survival that creates a social in-group which we predicted would result in increased altruism over and above kinship, because it is driven by shared empathy. Participants included 139 individuals that were divided into a chronic pain or control group. Participants completed six Prisoner’s Dilemma scenarios with a sibling or chronic pain accomplice. Pain altruism and sibling altruism scores were calculated based on decisions to cooperate with or defect on an accomplice. A mixed ANOVA revealed that there were no significant differences between groups. The marginal difference between the groups suggests that chronic pain may create an in-group altruism that is just as strong as kinship.
Brown, Tracy W.; Botello, Cristian M.; and Harris Bozer, Amber L.
"Investigating chronic pain as an in-group using the prisoner’s dilemma,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 23
, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol23/iss2/9