Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
In 2016, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affected over 1.1 million people in the United States. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) medications have allowed HIV-positive individuals to live longer lives, but this has meant greater exposure to HIV-related stigma. This literature review examines how HIV exists as a chronic disease and how HIV-related stigma contributes to a negative life experience. The concept of intersectionality is used to analyze the overlapping identities of (a) gay, bisexual men, (b) women, (c) and youth and adolescents. Even though individuals may be managing their diagnosis, added stress, stigma, and maladaptive coping mechanisms can lead to negative health outcomes. This review reveals the importance of understanding intersectional identities surrounding HIV-related stigma and individuals’ experiences in the societal environment.
"HIV-related stigma: A negative & intersecting life experience,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 26
, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol26/iss1/3