Modern Psychological Studies
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
The current research utilized a paired-association task previously developed to evoke false memories to determine whether people would be more likely to falsely recall having viewed expectancy-consistent vs. expectancy-inconsistent images. Participants were shown a series of 60 expectancy-consistent and expectancy-inconsistent images and were then asked whether they recognized 120 partially redacted images (60 previously seen, 60 new). When they reported seeing a redacted image, they were asked which version (either the expectancy-consistent or the expectancy-inconsistent) they remembered having seen. We found that when participants falsely recognized redacted images, they were significantly more likely to select the expectancy-consistent version of the image. Surprisingly, we also found that accurate memories were more likely for expectancy-consistent images. These findings suggest that this paired-association task can be useful in evoking false memories of images.
Nack, Corey A. and Loria, Melissa J.
"False memories of expectancy-consistent and expectancy-inconsistent images in a paired-association memory task,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 26:
2, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol26/iss2/6