University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Sixty-nine college students listed five songs that they enjoy, then classified each song into one of 15 music genre options. Each of the listed songs were assessed for vocalist gender, which was compared to their music genre classifications and the listeners’ gender. Male vocalists were dominant in every genre tested, outnumbering female vocalists 3.7 to 1. Pop was the notably more equitable exception with a ratio of 1.15:1. However, female vocalists were constricted to the pop genre, as 49% of the listed songs with female vocalists were considered to be pop. Additionally, the study found male and female vocalists have demographically different audiences. It also found some gendered music genres and significant gender differences in the listeners' music genre perception.
Richardson, Brett C.; Yoder, Ryan; and Pettijohn, Terry F. II
"Gender and Perception of Music Genre in College Students,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 28:
1, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol28/iss1/9