University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
The purpose of the present study was to investigate how adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) perceive stimulant medication and explore the differences in their relationship with caffeine. Participants with more ADHD-related symptoms were expected to have a greater motivation to consume caffeine, anticipate experiencing more of caffeine’s stimulant effects, and have a more positive regard toward the effectiveness of their stimulant medication than those with fewer symptoms. Additionally, those with more inattentive symptoms were predicted to have more of a positive regard toward the effectiveness of their stimulant medication, have a greater motivation to consume caffeine, and anticipate experiencing more of caffeine’s stimulant effects compared to those with less inattentive symptoms. Results determined that the number of ADHD-related symptoms and dominant symptom presentation increased the expectancy for caffeine to be stimulating. Motivation to consume caffeine and reception of medication was unaffected by symptom quantity or presentation type.
Smith, Makensie A. and Pica, Emily
"Relationship with adult ADHD symptoms: Stimulant medication and caffeine,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 29:
1, Article 21.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol29/iss1/21