University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
The current study sought to explore differences in a previously incarcerated individual’s personality traits based on biological sex. It was posited that within a population of individuals who were formerly incarcerated, males would demonstrate a greater prevalence of personality traits that have been previously associated with involvement in the criminal justice system, compared to females. A total of 2,400 previously incarcerated people from Wave IV of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD Health) were asked questions related to personality traits. Previously incarcerated females had significantly higher levels of impulsivity than females not previously incarcerated, whereas previously incarcerated males had marginally lower levels of impulsivity compared to males not previously incarcerated. Previously incarcerated females exhibited significantly more sympathy than male counterparts. More years incarcerated after age 18 was correlated to impulsivity in females. Altogether, this research suggests that there are traits specifically associated with formerly incarcerated males or females and should be studied to further understand correlates of criminal and redemptive behaviors.
Anthonioz, Alexandra; ElBassiouny, Amanda; and Sircy, Kayla
"Stepping Beyond the Bars: A Comparative Analysis of Personality Traits in Previously Incarcerated Males and Females,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 29:
1, Article 26.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol29/iss1/26