University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
This literature will examine the relationship of chronic cannabis use during adolescence to psychological and morphological abnormalities into adulthood. As states continue to decriminalize or legalize cannabis consumption for recreational purposes, concerns about the potential negative effects of cannabis consumption on neurological development during adolescence may be ignored. This review examined 44 journal articles and government reports published between 1997 and 2021. The conclusions drawn from the literature review indicate that over a 19-year time span, cannabis potency has increased from ~4% to ~12%. Secondly, the chronic exposure to exogenous cannabinoids during this time can result in a variety of negative outcomes due to the dysregulation of the endocannabinoid system, one of the systems responsible for fostering brain development. Finally, the literature suggests that specific domains of worry are those of memory, attention, cognition, and emotional regulation as regions responsible for these functions are highly susceptible to alterations because of their elevated levels of CB1 receptors. Inconsistencies in terminology and parameters used to define chronic use are also addressed across all literature referenced in this review. Keywords: cannabis, marijuana, chronic use, THC, cannabinoids adolescent, development, brain, maturation, potency, dysregulation
Rappaport, Matthew R. and Collings, Raymond Dr.
"Effects of Chronic Cannabis Use on Adolescents,"
Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 29:
1, Article 27.
Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol29/iss1/27