Project Director

Cooley, Morgan E.

Department Examiner

Doolittle, Amy L.; Scott, Cathy B.

Department

Dept. of Social Work

Publisher

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)

Abstract

Low socioeconomic status has been found to adversely affect the physical and mental health of men and women. While research studies have examined the relationship between income and health, few have had special focus on gender differences, as they concern physical and mental health outcomes for persons living in poverty. This study explores the disparities and differences that exist between males and females in the population, and seeks to identify any supports needed for those individuals. This study includes a secondary data analysis, which utilized a sample of 125 adults taken from a primary care clinic in Northern Florida that serves individuals of lower socioeconomic status. Physical health measures used in the study included the RAND36 item general health self-report survey and the Body Mass Index scale. The mental health measures used included self-report surveys and questionnaires, such as the five-item Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomology. Results from the analysis indicated that the findings were not statistically significant. Implications and recommendations for future research, policy, and clinical practice are discussed.

IRB Number

16-081

Degree

B. S.; An honors thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Bachelor of Science.

Date

5-2017

Subject

Primary care (Medicine) -- Economic aspects; Primary care (Medicine) -- Social aspects; Health services accessibility

Keyword

Socioeconomic status; Physical health; Mental health; Gender

Discipline

Social Work

Document Type

Theses

Extent

vii, 38 leaves

Language

English

Rights

Under copyright.

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Included in

Social Work Commons

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