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The Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, conducted historical and archaeological documentation of the Wilson Mill Dam on the Ocoee River near Benton, Polk County, Tennessee, in July, 1983. Performed under a contract with the Tennessee Department of Transportation, the research involved 1) the development of a site-specific history of the mill and dam, based on primary and secondary documentation, 2) field documentation of the extant remains of the timber and stone crib-type dam and associated mill house remains, and 3) preparation of a synopsis of the development of milling in Polk County. The mill seat was utilized from 1847 to c. 1940 for grist and flour milling, as well as lesser operations. The mill was powered by an undershot wheel, breast wheel and from the 1870s on, by turbine. Archaeological remains of the mill dam and associated features were photographed, mapped and described in field notes; no significant excavations were undertaken and no artifacts were collected. The principal remains documented were 1) an early debris-type dam, 2) a stone-filled timber crib dam, 3) penstock (turbine housing) remains, 4) mill house piers, and 5) possible early waterwheel underpinnings.
College of Arts and Sciences
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
Tennessee -- Antiquities; Wilson Mill Dam (Benton, Tenn.) -- History
Wilson Mill Dam (Benton, Tenn.)
iv, 31 leaves
TC557.T4 C688 1983
Council, R. Bruce, "Historical and archaeological documentation of the Wilson Mill Dam on the Ocoee River near Benton, Polk County, Tennessee" (1983). Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports. 49.