Sweet Comcowich, Diana L.; Golkar, Saeid
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
This thesis explores what factors can explain why the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) response to two pro-democracy movements – 1989 Tiananmen Square and the 2014 Umbrella Movement – had varied repression levels. Specifically, this thesis will explore the impact of social media, breakdowns in government cohesion, and the type of protest on governmental responses. This research finds that a breakdown in government cohesion during the 1989 protest caused the declaration of martial law and the use of tanks followed by infantrymen. Although the 2014 protest was regime-threatening, social media constrained the government’s ability to use alternative media and harsh repression. Especially due to a large number of users live posting uncensored information. Furthermore, there was not a breakdown in government cohesion during the 2014 protest which is why the CCP’s response utilized soft repression.
B. S.; An honors thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Bachelor of Science.
Comparative government; China -- Politics and government; World politics
Comparative Politics | International Relations
Rahmani, Akbar, "Governmental repression: the cases of China" (2021). Honors Theses.