Committee Chair

Black, Kristen Jennings, 1991-

Committee Member

Cunningham, Christopher J. L.; O'Leary, Brian J.


Dept. of Psychology


College of Arts and Sciences


University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)


The present study examined the relationship between recovery experiences and strain within the nonprofit context, and identified the role that work calling, boundary permeability, and relaxation remorse had on recovery and the relationship between recovery and strain. Participants (n = 124 nonprofit workers and volunteers) completed a web-based survey that included questions related to their work-nonwork roles, personal recovery activities, and dimensions of strain. Regression-based analyses indicated effects of recovery on some strain outcomes and the effects of calling, boundary permeability, and relaxation remorse on recovery. Psychological detachment was most frequently related to strain in these models. Results failed to support calling, boundary permeability, or relaxation remorse as moderators of the relationship between strain and recovery, though plots from these analyses suggests trends toward support. These results expand the theoretical understanding of recovery and strain and may also assist nonprofit organizations in developing strategies and boundaries for effective employee recovery.


First, I would like to express my gratitude to my thesis chair, Dr. Kristen Black, for her unwavering patience and kindness throughout this process. Thank you for taking time amidst other projects and deadlines to be excited with me and provide so much support. I am grateful for your expertise and for always encouraging me to make this product something I am proud of. Much of my enthusiasm and curiosity for this project was because of your guidance and encouragement. I would also like to thank Dr. Chris Cunningham and Dr. Brian O’Leary for supporting my research and giving feedback that pushed me to think deeper and work harder on this project. I would like to thank the Office for Undergraduate Research and Creative Endeavor (URaCE) and Dr. Lisa Piazza (Director of the Office for Undergraduate Research and Creative Endeavor at UTC) for supporting this project financially with a university grant. I also want to offer a special thanks to my community of friends and family in Chattanooga and other places for always listening and asking questions about my research. Thank you for encouraging me to engage in much-needed recovery from time-to-time and for always cheering for me and believing in me, even when I was too stressed or anxious to believe in myself. Finally, I want to thank those who work tirelessly in the nonprofit context to serve their communities. You make the world turn, and I hope you and your organizations can recognize the powerful impact of recovery, especially psychological detachment, and implement suggestions from this field of research to improve your ability to recover so you can continue to serve those around you.


M. S.; A thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Science.




Nonprofit organizations--Employees; Job stress


Nonprofit Workers; Recovery Experiences; Stress; Work Calling; Boundary Permeability; Relaxation Remorse


Industrial and Organizational Psychology

Document Type

Masters theses




xi, 89 leaves