An examination of the disparate impact of neighborhood characteristics on routine and gang-involved gun violence
Drawve, Grant R., 1986-; Policastro, Christina; Iles, Gale
College of Arts and Sciences
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Place of Publication
An extensive body of literature has described the influence of neighborhood characteristics, including socio-economic deprivation, residential turnover, and racial/ethnic composition on gun crime. There have been limited efforts, however, to examine the extent to which these effects might vary based on the nature of gun crime—particularly in communities outside of major cities like Chicago or St. Louis. This study attempts to address this issue through application of negative binomial regression and equality of coefficients tests to data obtained from the crime logs and American Community Survey data of a medium-sized city in the Southeastern U.S. Specifically, this study examines (in)equality in the structural covariates of gun crimes when these offenses are disaggregated by gang-involved gun crime versus non-gang-involved gun crime. Results indicate that the relative influence of neighborhood structural characteristics varies by gun crime type, illustrating the need for disaggregated measures for developing effective policy and assessment.
This project was supported by Grant No. 2020-DG-BX-0008 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Department of Justice’s Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency and Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the SMART Office. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position and policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. With all of this being said, I want to give a special acknowledgement to my committee members, Dr. Grant Drawve, Dr. Christina Policastro, and Dr. Gale Iles. Further, I want to especially thank and acknowledge Dr. Rick Dierenfeldt. You have worked very hard to support me throughout both my undergraduate and graduate years at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, and I am forever grateful for you believing in me and pushing me to be the best student, researcher, and person that I can be.
M. S.; A thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Science.
Firearms and crime--Tennessee--Chattanooga; Gangs--Tennessee--Chattanooga
viii, 48 leaves
Stripling, Dana, "An examination of the disparate impact of neighborhood characteristics on routine and gang-involved gun violence" (2023). Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations.
Dept. of Criminal Justice and Legal Assistant Studies