Project Director

Bellar, Stephanie

Department Examiner

Townsend, Gavin; Carrithers, David; Swansbrough, Robert; Kotarski, Molly; Wigal, Cecelia


Dept. of Political Science, Public Administration, and Nonprofit Management


University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Place of Publication

Chattanooga (Tenn.)


This paper explores Title IX policy implementation in intercollegiate athletics and the charge that, in the implementation of the policy, the goal of offering equal access to both men and women in athletic programs has not been fully met. The paper is presented in three parts. The first summarizes the history of Title IX policy development from the passage of the Education Amendments of 1972 to the Office of Civil Rights' Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Interpretation and Title IX Investigators' Manual which serve as current policy. The second is a "case study" of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga that explores problems with implementation at the university level. UTC's Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act (EADA) Report and interviews with Senior Women's Athletic Administrator Laura Mincy and Chancellor Emeritus Fred Obear provide necessary information to review the history of UTC's compliance with Title IX and the University's current compliance condition. Data from three similar Tennessee schools- ETSU, UT-Martin, and Austin Peay- provide benchmark comparison. Additionally, this information is evaluated with that of a national study of NCAA Division I schools. In the third section, the "case study" data highlights areas needing improvement. These areas include dollars spent on women's college sports, the number of athletic opportunities for women in proportion to women's enrollment in the student body, and the enforcement of the policy as it was originally intended. Results of the research are used to put forth recommendations for future Title IX policy and compliance. Three primary recommendations are presented. The first calls for stronger enforcement of Title IX by both the OCR, and organizations closer to the schools, like the NCAA. Secondly, better education of administrators about the compliance options and repercussions for noncompliance is also important. Lastly, reconsideration of budget expenditures is crucial in full compliance with Title IX. The main argument hindering stronger enforcement concerns budget crunches. However, schools could promote Title IX compliance with current budget conditions if financial resources were more fairly distributed. Additionally, the argument to loosen compliance regulations by allowing schools to comply by numbers of teams rather than participants is opposed.


B. S.; An honors thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Bachelor of Science.




Sex discrimination in sports--Law and legislation--United States; Women college athletes; College sports--Law and legislation


Education Policy

Document Type



ii, 49 leaves





Call Number

LB2369.5 .C744 2001